Chapter 4.2 Muon Package Manager

Muon package manager is an alternative GUI for installing and updating updating packages.

Usage

To update your packages press the gear button with a clockwise pointed arrow. If updates are available press the upward pointing arrow with a dot on top to install the updates.

To search for a program to install type into the bar at the top that says search. If you find something you want to install you can right click and then mark for installation. When the package you want to install has additional dependencies will show up if you think twice about wanting to install you can click the Cancel button to not pull in all those dependencies or press OK to continue looking for software to install. To apply your changes you can press the green checkbox button that says Apply Changes and you will end up entering your password to confirm you want to install and then the package will be installed. To go back to do other changes press the Back button. To preview your changes after hitting back press the Preview Changes button. If you want to undo the last operation you have done for installing packages press Control+z or Edit ‣ Undo. To get rid of all your marked packages for installation Edit ‣ Unmark All.

The Package shows the package name and a short description of the package. The Status shows what the current status of the package is. The Requested shows what status you want for the package. To reverse the sort order of packages press the triangle button just to the left of the Status column.

To select the next package left click on the list of packages press the Down Arrow key to move to the next selected package. To select the previous package left click on the list of packages above press the Up Arrow.

When you find your package you want to install on the bottom half of the screen there is a bar of tabs. The Details tab has a description of the package you are currently selected. The Technical Details will show you where the package comes from what category it is and what the installed size would be and what size it takes to download the package. The Depenedncies tab shows you what other packages are needed by the package you wish to install. To view the changes of a package the Changes List and scroll down to view them.

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If you want to see your history of package updates and installed from the View ‣ History or press control + h. To search through your history enter what you want to search for in the Search bar. To the right to the search is a drop down menu to choose wheter to view All changes, Installations, Updates, or Removals. Under the Date field shows collapseable search results of the kind of packages you are looking for. To collapse or uncollapse a the operation on a particular date press the + button to uncollapse an operation on a date. To collapse operations on a particular date is to press the - button.

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To view all installed packes on the left hand side of the window under filtered click the divider for By status and select Installed. Now in the upper main part of the window will be a window with a scrollbar to see all packages on your system.

If you remove some packages you may have packages that were dependencies that are no longer needed anymore you can check on this by clicking the divider on the left hand side by By Status ‣ Installed(auto-removeable) will show if you have packages that are now able to be removed without any problems that are no longer serving a purpose. Then select the Mark for Removeal button. If you just want to mark all packages for removal Edit ‣ Remove Unesscary Packages. Then of course you will need to press the Apply Changes button to apply changes.

To see what repository a package comes from on the left hand side use the By Origin filter on the left hand side. Ubuntu shows packages from the official ubuntu repositories.

To see what architecture a package uses use the By Architecture filter. To see all architectures use the All line. To see common packages see the Common for packages common to all architextures. To see 64 bit packages use the 64-bit line. To see 32 bit packages use the 32-bit line.

To check for updates in muon press Control + R or the gear button with an arrow or Edit ‣ Check for Updates. To actually update and install these upgrades fully press the Full Upgrade button or Edit ‣ Full Upgrade and then press the Apply Changes button. After this a status bar towards the bottom will show how much total progress is on the upgrade. To have an upgrade where packages are not removed press the upwarding point arrow button or Edit ‣ Cautious Upgrade.

If you want to save all of your packages on a text file you can File ‣ Save Package Download List.

On the bottom of muon package manager there is a toolbar that states how many packages are available, installed, and upgradeable.

To hide the toolbar uncheck the Settings ‣ Show Toolbar checkbox.

Screenshot

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Version

Lubuntu ships with version 4:5.8.0 of muon package manager.

How to Launch

To launch muon package manager from the menu System Tools ‣ Muon Package Manager or run

muon

from the command line.

Customizing

To get to your preferences for Muon package manager Settings ‣ Configure Muon Package Manager. The checkbox Ask To confirm changes that affect other packages brings up confirmation dialog when you will affect multiple packages. The checkbox Treat reccomended packages as dependencies will always install all recommended packages as dependencies and will automatically install one when you install a recommended package. To always install suggested packages as dependencies check the Treat Suggested packages as dependencies. To change the maximum number of package operations you can undo change the Number of undo operations field. To save space by deleting old cached packages check the Delete obsolete cached packages every: checkbox and change the field to the right to change how often to delete the cache.

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To change settings on your toolbar Settings ‣ Configure Toolbars. To remove an item from the current items on the toolbar press the button that is the leftward pointing arrow. To add an item to the toolbar press the button that is the rightward pointing arrow. To move an item up or down on the toolbar press the upward pointing arrow button. To move an item down press the downward pointing arrow button.

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To view and configure your shortcuts Settings ‣ Configure Shortcuts and a window to open shortcuts will appear. The column for Action says what the keyboard shortcut will do. The column Shortcut will let you have a shortcut to apply changes. To add shortcut to something that does not have it press the small faint will bring a drop down menu and press the button next to the word Custom and input Your shortcut here.

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